Understand the difference and which you need
Most seals are available in both balanced and unbalanced versions; both of which have their advantages and disadvantages.
What is seal balance and why is it important?
The balance of a seal refers to the distribution of load across the seal faces. If there is too much load on the seal faces, it can lead to a leakage of fluids from within the seal which essentially renders the seal useless. Moreover, the liquid film in between the seal rings runs the risk of vaporising.
This can result in higher wear and tear off the seal, shortening its life span. Seal balancing is therefore necessary to avoid disasters and to also elongate the life of a seal.
A balanced seal has a higher pressure limit. This means that they have a larger capacity for pressure and they also produce less heat. They can handle liquids that have a low lubricity better than unbalanced seals.
On the other hand, unbalanced seals are typically much more stable than their balanced counterparts as far as vibration, cavitation and misalignment are concerned.
The only major drawback that an unbalanced seal presents is a low pressure limit. If they are put under even slightly more pressure than they can take, the liquid film will quickly vaporise and will cause the running seal to run dry and thus fail.
The difference between balanced and unbalanced seals:
Balanced Seals = Less than 100%
Balanced seals have a balance ratio that is less than 100 percent, typically, they are between 60 and 90 percent.
Unbalanced Seals = More than 100%
Unbalanced seals have a balance ratio that is greater than 100 percent, typically, they are between 110 and 160 percent.
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